Explore the rich, diverse architectural styles on display in the Garland Hill Historic District! Garland Hill offers a unique opportunity to learn about architectural styles by viewing examples. 

Today, you can visit the eight and one half blocks located on the northwest side of Fifth Street that comprise Garland Hill and see distinct examples of Federal, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival and various Frame Vernacular styles still well preserved.

Note that Garland Hill homes encompass a variety of styles, but the predominant style has been used to categorize each home. You will also see a variety of phrases used to describe homes which fall into the “Frame Vernacular” style popular from 1870 to 1920 including Victorian Vernacular, Italianate Vernacular, Eastlake Victorian, and Stick style. Garland Hill also includes several excellent examples of bungalow style homes built in later years that are not described within these categories.

To learn more about architecture represented in the Garland Hill Historic District, click on the Architectural Style listed below and read a description, then find the Garland Hill homes that best represent this style.


Many of Lynchburg’s earliest significant structures were designed in the Federal style which was popular in the first part of the 19th century. The majority of Federal houses have two stories with gable roofs and are constructed of brick. Their facades always contain symmetrically placed openings. Windows have small panes and are often capped with a flat brick arch. The doorway may be contained in an arched opening and usually has a small classical portico with columns surrounding it. The cornice is also classically inspired and may contain modillion or dentil blocks.

117 Madison Street – The Tabb-Slaughter-Diggs House This […]
223 Harrison Street – The King House This […]
300 Harrison Street – The Franklin House Built […]
303 Madison Street – The Dunnington-Garland-Noell House This […]
320 Madison Street – The William B Murrell […]
412 Harrison Street – The Burnham House Built […]
414 Clay Street This lot was purchased in […]
501 Lucado Street
501 Madison Street (600 Fifth Street) – Joseph […]
501 Madison Street/500 Fifth Street – The Western […]
619 First Street – The Lynch Farm House […]

Greek Revival

The Greek Revival style differs from Federal architecture in several ways: the roof is usually hipped instead of gabled; the openings are wider and often have sidelights; and the lintels above the windows frequently have raised corner blocks. Porch supports are classical columns or rectangular in design. Like the Federal style, the openings are always symmetrical and the entrance is usually centered within the façade.

205 Madison Street – The Edward Murrell House […]
215 Harrison Street – The Davis Home This […]
215 Madison Street – The Garland House This […]
301 Harrison Street – The John Slaughter House […]

Gothic Revival

The Gothic Revival was a rebirth of a medieval style which represented a romantic reaction to the formal designs of the Federal and Greek Revival periods. It is characterized by the pointed arch, steeply pitched gable roofs, and frequently an irregular floor plan. Chimneys are tall and can be capped with pots. The eaves of the roofs are usually decorated with bargeboards and finials and the entire effect is more vertical than earlier periods.

220 Madison Street – The Burroughs House, a.k.a. […]
316 Harrison Street – The Scott House This […]
413 Madison Street – The George Fleming House […]


The Italianate style also dates from the romantic Victorian era and it can be identified by the large brackets under widely overhanging eaves and a shallow pitched roof. The windows are often arched or segmental in their design and may be capped with decorative hood molds. The structure usually consists of well-defined sections that are asymmetrically grouped, sometimes with a tower on the more elaborate examples.

118 Madison Street – The Davis House This […]
315-317 Harrison Street – The Garland-Norvell-Craighill House This […]
400 Harrison Street – The Loyd House This […]

Queen Anne

The Queen Anne style was very popular during the Victorian era. It has many variations but is usually associated with a complex, irregularly shaped steep roof and a variety of surface materials such as shingles, wood siding, brick, and stone. Towers and turrets are often present as well as bay windows and large one story front and side porches.

106 Madison Street – The Wilson House This […]
123 Harrison Street – The Snead House This […]
208 Madison Street – The Craddock House This […]
209 Madison Street – The Ferguson House This […]
400 Madison Street – The George Watkins House […]
412 Madison Street – The Christian House The […]

Colonial Revival

The Colonial Revival style is based on the earlier Georgian, Federal, and Greek Revival periods. It has a rectangular plan and a symmetrical façade. The roof may be a gable or more often a hipped design. The details are always classical and porticoes over entrances are common. Like earlier periods, the windows have small panes, but their proportions are often more horizontal; and the first floor may contain paired or triple windows. Doorways can have various elements including sidelights, fanlights, pediments, and columns or pilasters.

114 Harrison Street – The Carter House This […]
122 Harrison Street – The General Early This […]
300 Madison Street – The Steptoe House This […]
314 Harrison Street – The Miller House This […]
405 Madison Street – The Gilliam House The […]
415 Harrison Street – The Offterdinger House Built […]

Square Hipped

The Square Hipped style, a simplified variation of the Colonial Revival, is identified by its square shape and by its hipped roof. It is usually two stories with a full width one story porch. Often, the front of the hipped roof has a prominent dormer window. Other openings may or may not be symmetrical between floors. More elaborate examples may have classical details such as columns for porch supports and modillion blocks in the cornice.

110 Harrison Street This is a Colonial four-square […]
201 Harrison Street – The Callaham House This […]
217 Harrison Street This house was built in […]
309 Harrison Street – The Pitman House Built […]
This house is four-square style and was built […]

Frame Vernacular

By far the most dominant style of residential dwellings in Lynchburg’s historic districts is the Frame Vernacular, also known as Folk Victorian style. Additionally, terms sometimes used to describe this style include Victorian Vernacular, Stick, and Eastlake Victorian. These simple dwellings are modest in scale and lack elaborate decoration, but may contain spindlework porch details. Three variations of this style are: the “L” gable which reflects the shape of the floor plan and of the roof; the two story gable roof form; and the pyramidal cottage with its hipped roof.

105 Harrison Street This is a Victorian Vernacular […]
109 Madison Street – The Edmunds House This […]
118 Harrison Street – The Watts House This […]
119 Harrison Street – The Radford House This […]
208 Harrison Street Built in the 1880s, this […]
210-212 Harrison Street This Victorian Vernacular duplex was […]
306 Madison Street – The First Burroughs House […]
308 Madison Street This is an of example […]
309 Madison Street – The Wall House This […]
310 Madison Street This is an example of […]
313 Madison Street – The Padgett House The […]
318 Madison St. Classic stick style. This house […]
321 Harrison Street This Stick style house was […]
321 Madison Street – The Greenwood H. Nowlin […]
322 Harrison Street – The James Loyd House […]
323 Harrison Street – The C.B. Fleet House […]
401 Harrison Street Built in 1885, this Victorian […]
405 Harrison Street Built in 1885, this Victorian […]
409 Harrison Street Built in 1885, this Italianate […]
413 Harrison Street Built in 1885, this Victorian […]